Prevention & Education

The Basics of HIV Prevention

HIV is spread through contact with the blood, semen, vaginal, fluid, or breast milk of a person infected with HIV.


The most common way to get HIV is by having unprotected sex with a person who has HIV.  (Unprotected sex means not using a condom.)  Another common way to get HIV is by sharing drug injection equipment (such as needles and syringes) with a person infected with HIV.


To reduce your risk of HIV infection, use condoms correctly every time you have vaginal, oral, or anal sex.  Do not inject drugs.  If you do, use only clean needles and equipment and don't share your equipment with others. Ask your healthcare provider about PrEP. 


Treatment with HIV medicines (called antiretroviral therapy or ART for short) helps people with HIV live longer, helathier lives.  Although ART can reduce the risk of HIV transmission, it's still important to use condoms during sex. 

Prevention & Education at BAO

Until there is a vaccine and a cure, comprehensive HIV prevention services remain our best weapon in the fight against HIV/AIDS. BAO offers an array of age-appropriate counseling and educational programs and services to stop the spread of HIV, and to help people face the emotional, psychological, social and/or other challenges of living with HIV and AIDS.


Content Warning 

This site contains HIV prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV infection is spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages and programs may address these topics. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by such materials, please exit this website.

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205 32nd Street South, Birmingham, AL 35233

Hours of Operation:

Monday, Tuesday, Thursday 9:00-6:00PM

Wednesday 10:00-6:00PM

Friday 9:00-1:00PM

Photo Credits, Kenneth Smith Photography &

Edward Badham Visual Productionsho